Articles & Literature

Microtracer® Descriptive and Technical Literature


A-1. Microtracers® F (Colored Uniformly Sized Iron Particles) – Descriptive and Technical Literature.   (48.9KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-2. Microtracer® “Rotary Detector” Instruction Sheet For Using Magnetic Separator.   (104KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-3. Microtracer® F- Quantitative Particle Count Assays.   (42.3KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-4. Microtracer® F – The Use of Microtracers® to Determine Completeness of Mix.   (146KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-5. Microtracer® F – Testing for “Cross Contamination” in Medicated Feeds.   (71.4KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-6. Microtracer® RF(“Colored Iron Powder”) – Descriptive and Technical Literature.   (61.3KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-7. Microtracer® F-Nickel-(Used in Animal & Fish Digestion Studies) – Descriptive and Technical Literature.   (57.4KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-8. “Microgrits” – Colored Uniformly Sized Corn Cob Grit Particles – For Use in Visually Coding Research Feeds.   (28.5KB Adobe PDF icon)

A-9. Microtracer® RF-Lake – Descriptive and Technical Literature.   (59.3KB Adobe PDF icon)


Microtracer® Use in Validating Mixing


B-1.  “On the Use of Particulate Distributions for Determining Degree of Homogeneity in a Feed Mixture” – Letter and Article, Dr. David Bernotas, April 2012.   (327KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-2.  Evaluation of Homogeneity in Feed by Method of Microtracers®, Olivera Djuragic, Jovanka Levic, Slavica Sredanovic, Ljubinko Levic, Archiva Zootechnica, 2009.   (2.10MBAdobe PDF icon)

B-3.  Press Release of American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, October 11, 2007:  “Revised ASABE Standard Available on Testing of Animal Feed Mixing Equipment” references the use of colored iron particles and colored iron powder for these purposes.   (71KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-4. “Effects of Particle Size and Mixing Time on Uniformity and Segregation in Pig Diets”, N. Amornthewaphat, K.C. Behnke and J.D. Hancock, Kansas State University. Swine Day, 1998.   (89KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-5. “Mix with Confidence”, David Eisenberg, International Milling, June 1994.   (30.8KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-6. “Particle Size and Mixing Problems for Aquatic Feeds”, Dr. Sylvan Eisenberg and David Eisenberg, Feed Manufacturing, Technology IV, AFIA, 1994.   (123KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-7.  “Markers in Mixing Testing: Closer to Perfection”, Dr. Sylvan Eisenberg and David Eisenberg, Feed Management, November 1992.   (29.4KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-8.  “Microtracers® F and Their Uses in Assuring the Quality of Mixed Formula Feeds”, David Eisenberg, Advances in Feed Technology (Germany), Spring 1992.   (115KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-9.  “How Well is Your Mixer Performing?”, Wicker and Poole, Degussa Corporation, Feed Management, November 1991.   (Adobe PDF icon)

B-10.  “Comparison of Homogeneity Tests”, Buhler Brothers, Uzwil, Switzerland, Feed International, March 1984.   (76.6KB Adobe PDF icon)

B-11.  “Criteria for Evaluating Feed Mixer Performance”, Pfost and Headley, Feedstuffs, KansasStateUniversity, 1966.   (1.69MB Adobe PDF icon)

B-12.  Tecaliman Symposium 2010.   (5.36MB Adobe PDF icon)


Particulate And Iron Powder Microtracers® And Their Uses in Formula Feeds


C-1.  “On the Cross Contamination Marks”, Special Report No. 67, Tecaliman, France, March 2010.   (4.50MB Adobe PDF icon)

C-2.  GMP+ Certification Scheme for the Feed Sector, Checking Procedure for the Process Accuracy of Compound Feeds with Microtracers®, Holland, 2006.   (1.37MB Adobe PDF icon)

C-3. “Validating Cross-Contamination Control”, Feed International, September 2006.   (181KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-4.  Measuring Cross-Contamination in Feed Manufacturing, Yanne Boloh with Clayton Gill.   (258KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-5.  “Mixer Performance, Cross-Contamination Testing Examined”, Feedstuffs, March 29, 2004.   (216KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-6.  “The Use of Colored Iron Particles in Determining Cross Contamination of Medicated Feeds at Feedmills and Feed Premix Plants”, David Eisenberg, Presented at AOAC Forum on “Methods for Analysis of Antibiotics and Drugs in Feeds”,  Los Angeles, September 2002; Published in Zootechnica International, March 2003.   (46.2KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-7.  “The Use of Colored Uniformly Sized Iron Particles (Microtracers®) in Testing the Presence and Uniformity of a Feed Ingredient (Vitamin E) in the Diet”, Large Animals Review, Bagliacci M., Paci G., Marzoni M. and Lisi E., University of Pisa, Italy, Vol. 8, No. 2, April 2002 (in Italian).  (3.4MBAdobe PDF icon )

C-8. “Use of Microtracers® as a Reliable and Inexpensive Tool for Rapid Assessment of Microingredient Distribution in Diets for Feedlot Cattle: Molasses and Forage Level Effects”, Proceedings, Western Section, American Society for Animal Science, Vol. 51, 2000; Calderón, Ambrozio, Machado, Meléndrez, Pereira and Zinn; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Mexico, and University of California, Davis, June 2000.   (313KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-9. “The Use of Microtracers® F (Colored Uniformly Sized Iron Particles) in Coding the Presence of Coccidiostats in Poultry feeds: Practical Implications”, David Eisenberg, Zootechnica International, P 46-50, December 1998.   (19.5KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-10. “Use of a Tracer to Detect Poultry Offal Meal in Compound Feed” Unpublished, Irish Department of Agriculture and Food, 1998.   (753KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-11. “Effect of Mixing Uniformity on Broiler Chick Performance”, Poultry Science, McCoy, Behnke, Hancock, McEllhiney, March 1994.   (5MB Adobe PDF icon)

C-12. “The Use of Microtracers® in a Medicated Premix to Determine the Presence of Tiamulin in Final Feed”, Corrigan et. al, Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, Vol. 20, No. 8, 1994.   (1.93MB Adobe PDF icon)

C-13. ” Development of a Technique for Fish Feed Digestibility Estimations Using Microtracers®, Thesis of N. M. Kabir, University of Tasmania, Australia, December 1993.   (14.30MBAdobe PDF icon)

C-14. “Micro-Proportioning”, Robert McEllhiney, KansasStateUniversity, Feed International , March 1990.   (372KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-15. “Dilution in a Premix”, Robert McEllhiney, KansasStateUniversity, Feed International, July 1983.   (341KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-16. “Intermediate Drug Mixing”, Robert McElliney, KansasStateUniversity, Feed Management, June 1982.   (273KB Adobe PDF icon)

C-17. “Study of Constant Flow Device”, Gobbles, April 1983, Paul Waibel, University of Minnesota.   (174KB Adobe PDF icon)


Selenium Addition To Formula Feeds


D-1. “Relative Stability of Selenites and Selenates in Feed Premixes as a Function of Water Activity “, Dr. Sylvan Eisenberg et al, Journal of AOAC International, Vol. 90, No. 2, March 2007, P 349-353.   (129KB Adobe PDF icon)

D-2. “Practical Assay of Feed Premixes for Selenite Adsorbed on Reduced Iron”, Joele Hulen and Dr. Sylvan Eisenberg, Journal of AOAC International, Vol. 78, No. 3, 1995.   (464KB Adobe PDF icon)

D-3. “Selenium Addition to Feeds”, David Eisenberg, Zootechnica International, July/August 1993.   (13.6KB Adobe PDF icon)

D-4. Microtracer® 4.5 % Selenium on Sand – Product Data Sheet and Technical Information.   (31.5KB Adobe PDF icon)

D-5. Stability of Selenium Sources Reviewed.   (4.3MBAdobe PDF icon

Chlorine-Free Electrochemical and Photochemical Sterilization of Contaminated Water


E-1. “Methods and means for the controlled chlorination of swimming pool water”, Dr. Sylvan Eisenberg, 1949.   (2.65MB Adobe PDF icon)

E-2. “Electrochemical Chlorine-Free AC Disinfection of Water Contaminated with Salmonella Typhimurium Bacteria”, N.N. Barashkov, D. Eisenberg, S. Eisenberg, G. Sh. Shegebaeva, I. S. Irgibaeva, and I.I. Barashkova; Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, Vol. 46, No. 3, pp. 306-311, 2010.   (178KB Adobe PDF icon)

E-3. “Combination of Chlorine-Free Electrolytic and Photochemical Methods for Sterilization of Contaminated Waters”, Dr. Nikolay Barashkov, EPA SBIR Program – Phase I, 2011.   (link)

E-4. “Chlorine-free Electrochemical Disinfection of Water Contaminated with Salmonella Typhimurium and E.Coli B”, N.N.Barashkov, D.A.Eisenberg, and I.S. Irgibaeva, It’s All in the Water: Studies of Materials and Conditions in Fresh and Salt Water Bodies, American Chemical Society, Washington DC, 2012.   (702KB Adobe PDF icon)